Tanzania

 

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Destination Tanzania, formerly known as Tanganyika. In 1964, Tanganyika united with the Island of Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanzania, the largest of the East African countries and sadly one of the poorest countries in the world.

Tanzania is located east of Africa's Great Lakes north of Mozambique and south of Kenya, it has a coastline at the Indian Ocean in east. The nation is bordered by six other African countries: Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia, it also shares maritime borders with the Comoros and the Seychelles. It has shorelines at three of the Great Lakes: Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika and Lake Nyassa (Lake Malawi).

The country occupies an area of 945,087 km², compared it is about three times the size of Italy or slightly larger than twice the size of California.

Tanzania has a population of 50.1 million people, capital is Dodoma, largest city, chief port, major economic and transportation hub and de facto capital is Dar es Salaam. Spoken languages are Swahili and English (both official), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar).

Ministry of Education-Science and technology (MoEST)

President's Office-Regional Administration and Local Government (PO-RALG)


Background
Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964.

One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s.

Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.

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Official Name:
United Republic of Tanzania
Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
short form: Tanzania
former: United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar

ISO Country Code: tz, TZA

Time:
Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Mon-May-3 00:03

Country Calling Code: +255

Capital City:
Dar es Salaam (executive)
Dodoma (legislative)

Other Cities: Arusha, Mwanza, Mbeya, Mtwara, Stonetown, Zanzibar


Government:
Type: Unitary Republic.
Independence: Tanganyika 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship),
Zanzibar 1963 (from UK).
Union formed 1964.
Constitution: 1982.

Geography:
Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique.
Area: Tanzania mainland: 945 000 km² (378 000 sq. mi.); Zanzibar: 1,658 km² (640 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Coastal plains; a central plateau; highlands in north and south.
Highest point: Kilimanjaro 5 895 m.

Climate: Varies from tropical to arid to temperate.

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